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Combating Springback with Virtual Prototyping Makes Cutting-Edge Materials Possible for Kirchhoff Polska

Sheet Metal Forming
Ground Transportation

The PAM-STAMP software has allowed us to reduce the time of reducing the springing effect several times compared to the current trial and error method. The compensation process determines the relaxed surface of the tool, which minimizes the costs associated with additional structural changes and additional machining.

Paweł Bałon, Ph.D
Senior Tooling Designer & Simulation Engineer/ Kirchhoff Polska



In the ever-changing automotive world, the one thing that never seems to change is the pressure suppliers and OEM’s are under to build lighter vehicles in shorter timeframes. Responding to the need to reduce weight, the automotive industry is making increasing use of ultra-high strength steels (UHSS). These offer a lightweight option to traditional steels and can thereby contribute to reduced CO2 emissions.

It comes as no surprise that great new products bring new challenges. For UHSS, the main challenge is the springback that occurs after forming and trimming operations – a phenomenon with which Kirchhoff Polska became all too familiar. Historically, the company designed tooling using physical trial and error and relied on their designers’ experience. Facing the challenge of UHSS, they recognized this approach was not sustainable and that it was necessary to turn to virtual prototyping to address the problematics and arrive at the correct parts.

Checking part on controlling devices on the shop floor

Kirchhoff Polska began using ESI PAM-STAMP for their tooling design and forming processes. With models of the stamping process, they were able to predict the springback of the blank after each press cycle and automatically correct the tool’s surface to compensate. They were quickly able to refine tooling design and avoid delay until start of production. Parts could be stamped without cracks and wrinkles and be produced on the assigned press line within tolerance specifications. The number of physical try-outs was drastically reduced.

The team at Kirchhoff Polska found PAM-STAMP beneficial not only in producing their part without flaws and within tolerances but also in exploring and predicting forming possibilities. They were able to achieve optimal and robust manufacturing processes and benefiting from process engineering. They were able to deliver parts in a shorter timeframe and with fewer resources than ever before.


About Kirchhoff

KIRCHHOFF Automotive is a development partner to the automotive industry. Active all over the globe as a full-service supplier for complex metal and hybrid structures in body-in-white, crash management systems, chassis applications and cross car beams.

For more information visit Kirchhoff Polska